Medication and behavioral therapy, whether combined or provided separately, are areas of a comprehensive therapeutic process for drug users, often beginning with detoxification, followed by the core treatment and finally, relapse prevention. Continuous care that includes a tailored treatment program that addresses all areas of a person’s life, from mental to physical; and follow-up options (for example, family-centered support) can be critical to the individual’s success in staying drug-free for life.
A variety of medications have been produced for managing and treating withdrawal symptoms, and they can be useful too in helping with other areas of the treatment process. Buprenorphine and methadone are just two examples of medicines that are used for restoring normal brain functions, reducing cravings, and preventing relapse. However, both of these are used on a case-to-case basis, and never as a replacement for traditional behavioral therapy. Other treatment providers use more natural methods – for example, meditation and acupuncture – to help individuals in their recovery.
Rehabs – Getting Started & Next Steps
The Ultimate Guide to Rehabs
Through behavioral therapy, patients become more engaged in the treatment process, are more likely to welcome attitude and behavioral changes in relation to drug abuse, develop healthier life skills. Behavioral treatments can also boost medications’ effectiveness and help make people remain in treatment longer.
Outpatient behavioral treatment covers a huge variety of programs for patients who come to a clinic regularly. Usually, these programs involve counseling by group or by individual. There are also programs that offer other types of behavioral treatment, like:
> Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, which helps patients avoid situations in which they may abuse drugs;
> Motivational Incentives or contingency management, which relies on positive reinforcement as a way to encourage individuals to keep away from drugs;
> Multidimensional Family Therapy, which pinpoints all the various potential influences on adolescents’ drug abuse patterns; and
> Motivational Interviewing, which is focused on individuals’ readiness to modify their behavior and get treatment.
Residential treatment programs may also be effective, particularly for those dealing with more serious problems.For instance, therapeutic communities (TCs) are structured programs where patients stay at a residence for about six months to a year. Patients in TCs could be criminals, those who have been abusing drugs for a long time, and people with seriously impaired social functioning. This program is focused on reorienting the patient to a crime and drug-free lifestyle.
Treatment within the criminal justice system is usually successful in keeping an offender away from crime, especially if he continues to be treated as he returns to his community. Studies have shown that whether or not the patient volunteered himself, treatment can be effective. Findings by the the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration hints that treatment can reduce the incidence of drug abuse by half, criminal activity by up to 80 percent, and arrests by up to 64 percent.